Special potato foliar fertilizer and special potato foliar fertilizer additive

一种马铃薯专用叶面肥及其专用叶面肥助剂

Abstract

本发明公开了一种马铃薯专用叶面肥及其专用叶面肥助剂。该马铃薯专用叶面肥助剂的制备方法,包括如下步骤:将凹凸棒土与十八烷基三甲基氯化铵混合得到的凹凸棒土-十八烷基三甲基氯化铵复配物分散到水中,得到悬浊液;利用电子束对所述悬浊液进行辐照;经所述辐照后的悬浊液依次经搅拌和静置,除去上层清液即得所述马铃薯专用叶面肥助剂。该马铃薯专用叶面肥,由上述马铃薯专用叶面肥助剂和马铃薯专用叶面肥原料组成;所述马铃薯专用叶面肥原料由磷酸二氢钾、尿素、壳聚糖和新奥霉素组成。本发明叶面肥助剂可有效增强叶面肥在马铃薯叶面的附着能力,减少损失,增强肥效;减少施肥用量和次数,节约劳力和成本,减少环境污染,具有较大市场潜力。
The present invention discloses a special potato foliar fertilizer and a special potato foliar fertilizer additive, and a preparation method of the special potato foliar fertilizer additive comprises the following stesp: an attapulgite-octadecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride complex obtained by mixing of attapulgite and octadecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride is dispersed in water to obtain a suspension; the suspension is irradiated by use of an electron beam; and the special potato foliar fertilizer additive is obtained by successive stirring and standing of the irradiated suspension and removing of a supernatant. The special potato foliar fertilizer comprises the special potato foliar fertilizer additive and special potato foliar fertilizer raw materials, and the special potato foliar fertilizer raw materials comprise potassium dihydrogen phosphate, urea, chitosan and xinaomycin. The special potato foliar fertilizer additive can effectively enhance the adhesion of foliage fertilizers in potato foliage, reduces losses, enhances fertilizer efficiency, reduces the number of times of fertilization, saves labor and cost, reduces environmental pollution, and has a great market potential.

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