Theft-preventing locking device for automobiles and the like

Abstract

Claims

. AZA ING LES Nov. 9, 1948. RUS 2,453,236 CKING DEVICE D THE LIKE THEFT-PREV FOR AUTO 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 25, 1946 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\NN%\W Nov. 9, 1948. A. LA ZARUS. 2,453,236 THEFT-PREVENTING LOCKING DEVICE FOR AUTOMOBILES AND THE LIKE Filed May 25, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 u fm 7% TO/GNITION Call. SIEEN FLOOQ LGCK PA kK/NG SWIM 63 C46 SWITcu I N V EN TOR. BY a Alexander Lazarus J-o-JLA CLL HTTOFN Y Patented Nov. 9, 1948 UNITED STATES PATENT QFFICE THEFT-PREVENTING LOCKING DEVICE FOR 1 AUTOMOBILES AND THE LIKE I Alexander Lazarus, Rosedale, N. Y. Application May 23, 1946, Serial No. 671,368 (Cl. I'm- 314) 5 Claims. 1 This invention relates to anti-l1i-jacking devices for preventing the stealing of automobiles, trucks and similar vehicles either when such vehicles are in operation or when parked, said de vices being similar in some respects to those shown .in Patent No. 2,022,725 upon which the present invention is an improvement. t is an object of the present invention to provide an improved locking .device for automobiles and the like, which will lock the car against theft while in operation and set an audible alarm or siren in action when an attempt is made to drive said car by an unauthorized person. Another object of the invention is to provide similar means for the prevention of stealing a parked automotive vehicle. A further object of the invention is to provide a device for preventing the theft of motor vehi cles which maybe readily driven by the thief for a short space of time and/or distance, at the novel arrangement and corelatio-n of parts herein fully described, and illustrated in the ac companying drawings, wherein similar reference characters are used to denote corresponding parts throughout the several views, and then finally pointed out and specificall defined in the appended claims. The disclosure made the basis of exemplifying the present inventive concept suggests a practical embodiment thereof, but the invention is not 'to be restricted to the exact details of thisdisclosure, and the latter, therefore-'is'to -be understood from'an illustrative, rather than a restrictive standpoint. Y v In carrying out a preferred embodiment of the invention it was found desirable to provide a foot operated lock which'is electrically connected to an electrically controlled gas valve, which when the lock is depressed will cut ed the fuel supply. The depression of the lock also causes a siren to be cut into the circuit and operate. It was also found advantageous toprovide a 2 parking lock similarly connected to the gas valve and siren which When depressed, and an attempt is made to operate the car by closingthe car switch, will cut in the siren and cause same. to operate. It was further found that by electrically conmeeting the floor lock, car switch, parking lock and gas valve in series, the gas supply willcease when either one of the locks-is depressed or the car switch opened. In the drawings: Figure 1 is a diagrammatic side view of an automotive vehicle in, section, showing theapplication of the present invention thereto; and Figure 2 is a diagrammatic view of the electric wiring. Referringpow to Figure 1 of the drawings, the chassis frame 5 of the automobile is provided with a drivers compartment 5 having a driversseat 1. Supported on the chassis frame 5 is an engine 8 provided with an intake manifold '9, carburetor H) to which is connected a solenoid operated valve unit ll of the type shown and described in said Patent, 2,022,725, the said valve .being connected at one end to the carburetor .by a pipe l2 and is connected at its oppositeend to the fuel supply tank not shown by a pipe i3. The hood l4 encloses the engine 8 and is separated from the drivers compartment by a vertical Wall l5. An inclined floor or foot board l6 extends from the dash board or wall I5 towards the drivers seat 1. Extending upwardly from the dash board is a cowl I! which supports the instrument board I8 positioned close to the steering wheel 19. The instrument board conveniently carries the usual ignition switch or look 20 having a key 2| for operating same. The lock 29 is provided with a tubular enclosure 22 housing its electrical connections. The construction thus far described is conven-. -tion as the lock 29 of the said Patent 2,022,725 and are therefore not here described in detail. The instrument board I8 also supports'a single pole single throw switch 30. By referring now to the wiring diagram shown in Figure 2, the electrical connections will become readily apparent. The anti-hi-jacking or floor lock 23 is provided with an upper electrical contact 3|, 2, lower contact 32 and contact plate 33 connected to the positive pole of the battery 34 by means of a lead wire 35, the battery being connected to ground 36. The upper contact 3| is electrically connected by means of a wire 31 to the switch arm or pole piece 38 of the switch 30. The switch 30 is connected to the switch arm 39 of the parking lock switch 25 by a wire 40 and the upper contact 4l of the said switch is connected b a wire 42 to solenoid operated gas valve ll one connection thereof being grounded at 43. The wire 42 further connects the switch contact 4| to one end of a heating coil 44 which is grounded at 45. The heating coil 44 surrounds a bi-metal member 46 of a thermostat 41. The member 46 is provided at one end with a contact 48 and is electrically connected at its'o'pposite end to a wire 49 leading from the battery Wire 35. The thermostat further includes a contact 50 at one end of a solenoid winding 5| of an electro magnet 52 the opposite end of said winding or coil being grounded 53. The bi-metal strip 46 is also connected to the wire 49 leading from the battery 34. The electric switch terminal or contact 32 has a wire 54 leading therefrom to a contact 55 at one end of! an armature 56 of the electro magnet 52. The opposite end of the armature 56 has a contact 51 connected to the wire 49 by a wire 58 which is also electrically connected to a contact 59 of a relay 60 comprising a magnetic coil 6| connected by a wire 62 to a contact 63 of the parking switch 25, the said coil 6| being grounded at 64. The wire 62 is electrically connected by a wire 65 to a contact 66 opposite the armature contact 55. The relay 66 also includes an armature 67 connected by a wire 68 to the coil of an audible signal in the form of a, siren 69 grounded at 10. The ignition switch 20 is electrically connected by a wire H to con- 1 tact 12 of the relay 52 and has a pilot light 13 through the heating coil 44 which after a delay of approximately thirty seconds warps the bimetal arm 46 closing the contacts 48 and 50 to energize the electro magnet 52 to pull the armature 56 and close the circuit between contacts 51 and 12 thus lighting the pilot light 13 and sending current through the ignition switchtothe ignition coil notshown. 'If now any attempt is made to hi-jack the car while in operation the lawful driver merely depresses the plunger E l-of the floor lock 23 thus moving the switch arm 33 on said look from contact with the contact 3| and connecting same with the lower contact 32. In so doing the gas valve is cut out of circuit as well as the bi-metal arm 46 which when cooled off breaks contact between contacts 48 and 5B de-energizlng the coil 52 permitting the armature 56 to drop and break the circuit to the ignition coil and pilot light. The contacting of the arm 33 with the floor lock contact 32 sends current from the battery through the wire 54 through the contacts 55-66, wires -62 to the relay 60 which becomes energized to close the contact between the contact 59 on the battery wire 49 and'the armature 61 leading to the siren 69 and operate same. Before parking the car, the car switch 30 is opened and the parking lock is depressed. Should any one now attempt to steal the car by closing the switch 36, then current will flow from the battery through wires 35, 31, switch 30, wire 40 switch arm 39 wire 62 to ground 64 energize the electro magnet of relay 60 close the contacts 59 and 61 back to the battery and operate the siren 69. From the foregoing it will be seen that with the arrangement above described, the depres sion of either floor lock or parking lock, the gas valve is operated to shut off the supply of fuel to the carburetor and engine and simultaneously therewith sets a siren or other similar audible alarm into operation to warn the police that an attempt is being made to steal the car. It will also be noted that the setting of the floor lock cannot be detected by any one attempting to steal the car which will run for a short distance after the setting or depression of the lock incidental to a hi-jacking attempt. What is claimed is: c u 1. In an automotive vehicle having-an engine, a liquid fuel supply therefor, and an ignition switch; the combination therewith of an anti theft device, said device comprising an electric circuit including a source of current supply, a two contact foot operated switch normally closed through one of said contacts a manually operated switch,the said switches being connected in series in said circuit, a fuel valve electrically controlled by saicl switches, a single pole, single throw, normally open bi-metal strip connected to the source of current supply, a heating coil surrounding the said bi-metal strip and connected in series with said switches, a double pole, single throw, normally open electromagnet adapted to be energized when the bimetal strip becomes heated in the normal operation of the vehicle to through wire 49 to the ignition switch, an audible signal device and a single pole, single throw relay connected to the source of current supply normally in open circuit with the audible signal device and adapted to be energized by said double pole, single throw, normally open relay to complete the circuit through the audible signal device when the circuit is broken through the first mentioned foot operated switch contact and completed through i the second contact. 2. In an automotive vehicle having an engine, a liquid fuel supply therefor, and an "ignition switch; the combination therewith of an anti theft device, said device comprising an electric circuit including a source of current 'supplyj a two contact foot operated switch normally closed through one of said contacts, a manually operated switch, the said switches being'connected in series in'said circuit a fuel valve electrically controlled by said switches, a th'ermo'statinfth'e switch circuit, a double pole, single throw electro magnet normally in open circuit with the thermostatand adapted to be energized when the said thermostat becomes heated in the normal operation of the vehicleto complete, a circuit through one set of contactsto'the ignitionfswitch, ' "ejpol 'cgie 5 supply normally in open circuit with the audible signal device and adapted to be energized by said double pole, single throw, normally open relay to complete the circuit through the audible signal device when the circuit is broken through the first mentioned foot operated switch and completed through the second contact. 3. In an automotive vehicle having an engine, a liquid fuel supply therefor, and an ignition switch; the combination therewith of an anti theft device, said device comprising an electric circuit including a, source of current supply, a switch connected to the source of current supply and closed when the vehicle is being driven and open when parked, a parking switch including an arm connected in series with said switch connected to the source of current supply, a contact which the said arm normally engages to close the circuit when the vehicle is being driven, a fuel valve electrically controlled through said contact to feed fuel to the engine when said contact is closed, a second contact on said parking switch, an audible signal device and a single pole, single throw relay connected to the said second contact and source of current supply, said rela being normally in open circuit with the audible signal device and adapted to be energized to complete the circuit through the audible signal device when the circuit is broken through the first contact and completed through the second contact and the first mentioned switch is closed. 4. In an automotive vehicle having an engine, a liquid fuel supply therefor, and an ignition switch; the combination therewith of an anti theft device, said device comprising an electric circuit including a source of current supply, a foot operated switch, a contact arm on said switch connected to the source of current supply, a contact on said switch normally contacted by the contact arm, a manually operated switch connected to said contact, a parking switch including an .arm connected in series to the manually operated switch, a contact which the said arm normally engages to close the circuit when the vehicle is being driven, a fuel valve electrically controlled through said contact, to feed fuel to the engine when said contact is closed, a thermostat in the switch circuit, double pole, single throw electromagnet normally in open circuit with the thermostat and adapted to be energized when the said thermostat becomes heated in the normal operation of the vehicle to complete a circuit through one set of contacts to the ignition switch, an audible signal device, a single pole, single throw relay connected to the source of current supply through contacts of said double pole, single throw electromagnet normally in open circuit with the audible signal device when the circuit is broken through the first mentioned foot operated switch contact and completed through the second contact, and a second contact on the parking switch connected to the relay for energizing same to operate the audible signal device when the said parking switch arm breaks engagement with its first contact and engages the second contact and the manually operated switch is closed. 5. In an automotive vehicle having an engine, a liquid fuel supply therefor, and an ignition switch, the combination therewith of an antitheft device comprising an electric circuit, current supply for said circuit, a double pole, double throw, normally closed foot operated switch, manually operated switch connected in series with said foot operated switch, a fuel valve electrically controlled by said switches adapted to be open under normal driving conditions, 2. single pole, single throw bi-metal strip connected to the source of current supply under normal driving conditions, a heating coil surrounding said bi-metal strip and connected in series with said switches, a double pole, single throw electromagnet adapted to be energized when the bi-metal strip becomes heated closing the said single pole, single throw contact thereto in the normal operation of the vehicle, one set of contacts of said double pole, single throw electromagnet adapted under normal operation to complete circuit through to said ignition switch, an audible signal device and a single pole, single throw relay connected to the source of current supply normally in open circuit with the audible signal device and adapted to be energized by one set of contacts of said double pole, single throw electromagnet when open to complete the circuit through the audible signal device when the circuit is broken through said foot operated switch normally closed contact and completed through second contact thereof. ALEXANDER LAZARUS. REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent: UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,131,824 Cline et a1. Mar. 16, 1915 1,257,259 Leslie Feb. 19, 1918 1,364,048 Gilland Dec. 28, 1920 2,205,104 May June 18, 1940

Description

Topics

Download Full PDF Version (Non-Commercial Use)

Patent Citations (4)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    US-1131824-AMarch 16, 1915Fred E Cline, William L BaskervilleAlarm device for motor-vehicles.
    US-1257259-AFebruary 19, 1918E O Sargent, Frank LeslieSafety alarm device for motor-vehicles.
    US-1364048-ADecember 28, 1920Homer E GillandLock
    US-2205104-AJune 18, 1940Marion J WilsonMotor vehicle theft prevention device

NO-Patent Citations (0)

    Title

Cited By (4)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    US-2917736-ADecember 15, 1959Florida Cracker IncPest control device
    US-2941197-AJune 14, 1960Florida Cracker IncPest control device
    US-3179920-AApril 20, 1965Mcginty Otto WayneFluid level indicator for radiator
    US-3907060-ASeptember 23, 1975Cahs IncMotor vehicle theft-prevention apparatus