Wheel cover

Abstract

Claims

G. A. LYON- WITIEEL COVER Filed Nov. 22, 1946 INVENTOR. Genes: Flat-er 1 Yo Patented Oct. 2, 1951 WHEEL Coven George Albert Lyon, Allen-harsh} Application November 22, 1946 SerialNo, 711,719 . 11 Claims-p 1 This invention is directed-to an improved wheel structure and relates more particularly to .a new and improved cover assembly therefor. An important object of this invention is. to provide in a wheel structure an improved cover assembly having novel retaining means for main? taining the cover over the .outer side of the wheel structure to conceal the same. Another object of the invention is to provide in a wheel structure including a tire rim and a central load sustaining par-t having at the junce ture thereof a relatively deep outwardly opening grooved formation; a wheel cover extending from the outer edge of the tire rim into :said groove to conceal the tire rim and said juncture; and including improved retaining means received within said groove behind the cover and maintaining the inner under turned margin of the cover. member clamped under substantially uniform tensioned pressure. Still another object of the invention is to pro:v Videan improved wheel structure and cover as:v sembly therefor wherein a new and improved retaining member is adapted to be mountedin a novel manner to maintain a trim r-ing under clamping tension on the wheel. A .further object of the invention is to provide improved retaining meansfor a wheel cover, In accordance with the general features of my invention, there is provided a wheel structure having a tire rim of the drop center type formed with a plurality of stepped flanges. and a central load bearing portion secured to the base flange of the tire rim, a cover for the outer side of the wheel structure including a member disposed in concealing relation to the tire rim and extending generally axially inwardly and radially inwardly and having an underturned portion engaglng'the wheel body, andv a retaining ring member wedgingly engaging the tire rim and having radially inwardly extending resilient clamping fingers thereon engaging the underturned portion of the cover member to hold the latter clamped against the load bearing portion of the wheel. In accordance with other features of my "invention, the retaining member has generally axially inwardly extending limit fingers which engage at the juncture of the tire rim and load bearing portion of the wheel and hold the retaining member in uniformly spaced relation to the wheel structure so that the pressure exerted by the radially inner retaining fingers thereof against the underturned portion of the cover member will be substantially uniform throughoutthe inper circumference of the retaining ring. Anotherdeature of the invention relatesto theinover member-of plasticand a ing-ringpf metal-so that-the retaining ring roan; assist. in reinforemgand backing up the nix-emberw It is; also creature nf invention to. provide a -wheel cover and retaining therefor-in which the retaining. means is formed as. a spring-.- metazl arranged to be pressed into. retaining engagement with a wheel structure and as an incident to :beingso pressed into retaining en.- gagement being placed under substantially unie; formrgripping tensionragainst' interposed pore: ure .1 is a side .ielevatlona'l of a. structure embodying one. term of z-m-y inventions with :a portion of the cover broken :away to. reveal certain -details .of construction; Figure 2 is a fragmentary radial cross-x5ectionalv view on :an enlarged scale taken substantially; along theiine II=.-II.of Figure 1; I Figure 3; is a radial =.cross.-sectiona=l view :simi: lar to Eignret'z butshowing the cover iIi=fiI1iHt8I-z-:L mediate stage of assembly the wheel strnce'. tune; and Figure 4 is a fragmentary plan viewof retaining ring ofthencorver assembly. p 4 As shown on the drawings: Mypresent invention is embodied in a cave structure lfl..z-particularl-y adapted for use with as vehicle wheel such as an automobile wheel mm eluding a d-rep. reenter mu-ltirzdanged tire rim M and: aiload-zsustaining portion or body 112.. tire rim 11- comprises .a base flange. 13, side... flanges tending flanges and; outwardly curled term minalflanges H. iltieswlieel body. ['2 prise'a conventional stamping secured its radialiy margin to the base flange :13: of the tire rim and is formed with wan-axially outwardlyprotruding annularreiniorcirrg nose NI and a central bolt-on flange 18 :by Which'ithe; wine-el is secured to axle part of -the vehicle as by means pr -cap screws or bolts (not shown).- 'l he central depression the wheel body 1'2 including the bolt-on change 1'9 is adapted to io'e covered by a hub ieapi fl having generally axialiyi inwardly extending flangezl l-tormed with ahead: 22 adapted :to engage retainingzbu nnszfia formedat the. side ofzthe noseportion 4434; 14,. intermediate generally axially ext; According to the present invention, the cover It] is adapted to provide an ornamental closure and cover for the outer side of the flanged tire rim II and the juncture of the rim and body parts of the wheel and to extend into the relatively large outwardly opening reentrant groove formed between the tire rim and the nose portion 18 of the wheel body. To this end the cover l comprises a trim ring 24 anda retaining member 25 so interrelated and assembled that the cover assembly is adapted to be mounted upon the wheel by pressing the cover axially inwardly into place on the wheel, and being there maintained under uniform tension. j The trim ring member 24 is preferably formed from a relatively thin sheet material which is resiliently flexible, enabling it, to be flexed out of its normal shape or position without permanent distortion and enabling it to snap back to the original shape and position when the flexing force and pressure is relieved therefrom, thereby affording a self-sustaining and form-retaining as well as flexiblestructure. For this purpose, I have found a synthetic plastic sheet material such as ethyl cellulose, cellulose acetate,vinyl re'sinsfand the like particularly satisfactory. In this construction, the trim ring member 24 can be made of a white or lightcolor so that by having the trim ring formed of concave-convex cross sectional shape and of a width and curvature to extend from the outer terminal flange ll of the tire rim to the load-sustaining portion I2 of the wheelradially inward from the juncture of the tire rim and the load sustaining member and at the radially outer side of the 'nose I! thereof, the trim ring will afford the appearance of being an inward extension of the side wall of atire 21 supported in the tire rim I l. Thereby is simulated a white side wall of a tire of relatively massive proportions and appearing to exten clear down tothe body of the wheel. At its outer margin, the trim ring member 24 may be formed with an outwardly curved, inwardly bowed flange formation 28 for reinforcing the same and to facilitateconcentric, close seating of the trimring upon the outer edge of the outer terminal flange H of the tire rim. At itsradially inner margin, the trim ring 24 is? formed with a curved underturned marginal, flange 29 which is adapted to seat againstthe wheel body l2 adjacent to but spaced radially in wardly from the junction of the rim and the: wheel body. The retaining member 25 is so constructed and arranged that it engages the inner marginal underturned flange 29 of the trim ring and resiliently clamps the same against the wheel body with substantially uniform pressure. ,To this end, the retaining member25 is formed as a ring of resilient, springy material which may be of a relatively stifi' plastic but is preferably springy sheet metal and is adapted to be main-: tained in cover-retaining position by wedging engagement with the outer intermediate flange [5 of the tire rim. In its initial form, the retaining ring 25 is adapted to lie in a plane substantially parallel to the median plane of the wheel and has auniform series of generally radially inwardly extending inner marginal integral spring fingers 3| each of which is formed with an outwardly return bent flange 3| integrally joined to its finger by a rounded shoulder 32 substantially comple-: mentary to and adapted to fit within the groove f4 flange 29 and the body of the trim ring. Thereby, the trim ring 24 and the retaining member 25 are adapted to be interlockingly assembled by relative axial assembly movement wherein the trim ring member 24 is flexed into the interlocked assembled relationship. Then the cover assembly ID is to be mounted upon the wheel by axially inward finger pressure applied to the axially outer side of the retaining member 25 substantially as shown in Figure 3, whereby to force a uniformly radially outwardly 7 extending series of outer radial marginal retaining fingers 33 into biting, wedging engagement ,with the radially inner side of the outer intermediate flange I5 of th tire rim. Initially, the biting, wedging fingers 33 are of a length to extend on a circumference of slightly greater diameter than the inside diameter of the flange I5 so that as the retaining ring 25 is pushed axially inwardly into the mounted position on the wheel the fingers 33 assume a flexed, biting, wedg'ing engagement'ag'ainst the rim flange l5. Aslshown in dash outline inFigure 2, the resilience of the: cover'member 24 permits it to flex open advantageously during the press-on mounting of the the cover, and also to resist buckling under the stresses imposed by tensioning of the retaining finger 33, is imparted, to the body of the retaining member by an annular, preferably axially outwardly projecting, integral reinforcing rib 34. Since the widths oftlie trim ring 24 and the re'-' taining member 25 are such that the complemen-'. tary, interlockedradially inner margins thereof; engage the wheel body after the retaining ring has been'pressed home only part of the way, in the present instance approximately half way,; further axially inward pressure against th retaining ring tends to place the cover retaining fingers so under tension against the wheel body= whereby to clamp the interposed inner marginal flange 29 of the trim ring under tension against the wheel body, the retaining fingers 35 flexing generally axially outwardly as a result of this action and as permitted by the resilient nature thereof. v Since non-uniform tensioning of the retaining fingers 30 of the retaining ring 25 would tendto place undue strain upon certain portions of: the retaining ring while other portions might not be in proper trim ring clamping position, means are provided for'assuring uniform seating of the retainingring 25 and substantially uniform flexible clamping engagement of the retaining fingers; 30 with the trim ring flange 29 as well as uniform biting, wedging engagement of the attachment fingers 33. Hereinsuch means comprise; a uniform series of axially inwardly extending' limitflanges or fingers 55 which are preferablyi formed integral with the retaining ring 25 and. are struck out therefrom alternately with the retaining fingers 30. r The limit fingers or flanges are of such: length and are so'disposedthat when the re-{ taining ring 25 has been pushed fully home thesestop fingers engage endwise with the wheel struc-f provided between the trim ring inner marginal. uniform strong wedging tension due ;to, the 01157; ternary reduction in the axially inner side. The trim ning retaining fingers t] are also under the maximum desired clamping tension under which they are'maintained by the thorough securementofthe retain ing r i-ng member 25 by the biting fingers 33. By reason or the stop fingers 35, itwill be clear that the tensioned retaining function of :all of the biting fingers 33 and the retaining fingers .30 is balanced and uniform throughout the circumferenceof the retaining ring 25. An advantageous feature :of the internested relationship of the terminal. portions 31 and the roundedj'ju-n'ctures 3 2 of the respectivehretaining' tration of flexure stresses .at any localized points, but such stresses will :be spread over :a substantial inner marginal area, thereby saving the cover from premature cracking or breaking either from oft-repeated flexure or extreme opening fiexure. On the other hand, inward flexure of the trim ring 24 may occur relatively freely and here the finger flanges 3i back up but a relatively small inner marginal area of the trim. ring. In so backing up the inner marginal area of the trim ring against inward flexure a desirable reinforce.- ment and flexure stress dissipation is accom.- plished. Since th trim ring 24 is held :qui'te thoroughly clamped against the wheel body by the retaining fingers 36, axial, radial and rotary displacement of the trim ring 24 from its clamped position are effectively resisted. Among other things, this assures maintained centering of a valve stem 31 with respect to a valve stem aperture 38 in the trim ring. I claim as my invention: 1. In a wheel structure including a flanged tire rim and a load sustaining body part, a trim ring for concealing the outer side of said tire rim and the junction of said body part with the tire rim and having its radially inner margin turned under to provide a curved flange, means for retaining the trim ring in position on the wheel comprising a member having a portion thereof retainingly nested within said marginal flange of the trim ring and attached to said tire rim, said retaining member being flexed into assembled relation with the wheel, and a stop finger on said retaining member extending generally axially inwardly and engaging at the juncture of the tire rim and body part to delimit the axially inward position of the retaining member in the fully assembled relation to the wheel. 2. In a wheel structure including a multiflanged tire rim and a load sustaining body part, a trim ring for concealing the tire rim and the juncture of the tire rim and body parts, and means for retaining the trim ring in position including a member bridging between the tire rim and the body part axially inwardly concealed behind the trim ring and having generally axially inwardly extending stop elements projecting from the general plane of the body of the retaining member and engaging at the juncture of the tire inside diameter ot the' intermediate tire rim flange 15 adjacent to its 6' and the'body part fol-"delimiting the axially? inward position of 'the retaining member. 3. In acover :Eor a wheel including a multiflangedtire rim and a .load sustaining :body part, aoovezr member, anda retaining member adapted to be pressed axially inwardly into retaining position bnidging across genera-11y opposed portions of the tire rim :and the body part and having intermediate generally axially inwardly extending :stop fingers; .for delimiting axially inward movementithereof in mounting the same upon the wheel. t In a :cover .for a wheel including a multifian'ged the :rim and alload sustaining body part, a cover member, and a retaining member adapted 130118 pressed axially inwardly into retaining position ihr'idging across generally opposed portions, of the tire rim and the body part and having intermediate generally axially inwardly extending stop fingers for delimiting axially inward movement thereof in mounting the same upon the wheel, said retaining member having inte gral radially outwardly extending rim engaging attaching fingers and generally radially inwardly extending retaining fingers assembled with the cover member. :5. In a cover for a wheel including a multiflangecl tire rim and a load sustaining body part, a cover member, and a retaining member adapted to-zbe pressed axially inwardly into retaining positionbridging across generally opposed portions of Itire and the body part and having intermediate generally axially inwardly extending stop fingers for delimiting axially inward movement thereof in mounting the same upon the wheel, said retaining member having retaining, fingers extending in a generally radial directiontherefrom and alternating with said stop fingers. I -56-. I'n aiooverqfor a wheel including a multiflanged tire rim and a load sustaining body part, a cover member, and a retaining member adapted to be pressed axially inwardly into retaining position bridging across generally opposed portions of the tire rim and the body part and having intermediate generally axially inwardly extending stop fingers for delimiting axially inward movement thereof in mounting the same upon the wheel, said retaining member having its normal plane extending generally radially and said stop fingers being integrally struck out therefrom and bent to extend in said generally axially inward direction. '7. In a retaining ring for a wheel cover assembly adapted to be pressed into position upon a wheel structure including a multi-flanged tire rim and a body part, a generally radially extending body portion having radially outwardly extending flexible biting fingers adapted to engage an intermediate flange of the tire rim, generally radially inwardly extending flexible clamping fingers adapted for engaging a portion of a cover member to clamp the same against the body part, and generally axially inwardly extending stop fingers to engage the wheel and delimit inward assembly movement of the retaining ring when it is being mounted upon the wheel. 8. In a cover structure for a wheel including a multi-flanged tire rim and a load bearing part, a resiliently flexible trim ring for concealing the tire rim and having its radially inner margin underturned to provide a rounded flange and adapted to seat on the wheel load bearing part, and a. retaining ring having rounded flexible retaining fingers extending radially inwardly and internested in's'aid trim ring flange and bein adapted to clamp the trim ring flange against the wheel load bearing part, said fingers being axially flexible for individual tensioning thereof upon axially inwardly pressing of the retaining ring into clamping relation to the wheel body. 9. In a cover structure for a wheel including a multi-flanged tire rim and a load bearing part, a resiliently flexibl trim ring for concealing the tire rim and having its radially inner margin outward flexure of the trim ring for pressing the retaining ring into assembly with the wheel, said body portion having generally axially'inwardly extending portions for engaging the wheel to delimit the extent to which the retaining ring can be pressed. 10. In a wheel structure including a tire rim of the drop center type formed with a plurality of stepped flanges and a central load bearing portion secured to the base flange of the tire rim, a cover for the outer side of the wheel structure including a member disposed in concealing relation to the tire rim and extending generally axially inwardly and radially inwardly and having an underturned portion engaging the wheel body, and a retaining ring member wedgingly engaging the tire rim and having radially inwardly extending resilient clamping fingers thereon engaging the underturned portion of the cover member and individually tensioned to hold the latter clamped against the load bearing por-ttion of the wheel under tension. 11. In a wheel structure including a tire rim, of the drop center type formed with a plurality of stepped flanges and a central load bearing portion secured to the base flange of the tire rim, a cover for the outer side of the wheel structure including a member disposed in concealing relation to the tire rim and extending generally axially inwardly and radiall inwardly and having an underturned portion engaging the wheel body, and a retaining ring member wedgingly engaging the tire rim and having radially inwardly extending resilient clamping fingers, thereon engaging the underturned portion of the cover member to hold the latter clamped against the load bearing portion of the wheel, said retaining member also having generally axially in-I wardly extending limit fingers engaging at the juncture of the tire rim and the load bearing portion and holding the retaining member, in; uniformly spaced relation to the Wheel structure so that the pressure exerted by the radially 'inner retaining fingers thereof against the under turned portion of the cover member will be substantially uniform throughout the inner circumference of the retaining ring. GEORGE ALBERT LYON. REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the' file of this patent: UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date 1,948,273 Lyon Feb. 30, 1934, 2,193,104 Lyon Mar. 12, 1940' 2,361,406 Lyon Oct. 31, 1944 2,386,233 Lyon Oct. 9, 1945

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Patent Citations (4)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    US-1948273-AFebruary 20, 1934Lyon George AlbertOrnamental bead and method of applying same to a wheel rim
    US-2193104-AMarch 12, 1940Lyon George AlbertWheel cover
    US-2361406-AOctober 31, 1944Lyon George AlbertWheel assembly
    US-2386233-AOctober 09, 1945Lyon George AlbertWheel structure

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Cited By (4)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    US-2729511-AJanuary 03, 1956Lyon George AlbertWheel cover
    US-2809076-AOctober 08, 1957Shore Calnevar IncVehicle wheel covers
    US-2885245-AMay 05, 1959Lyon George AlbertWheel cover
    US-2970012-AJanuary 31, 1961Lyon George AlbertWheel cover