Recording and reproducing sound

Abstract

Claims

July 7, 1953 E. A. PIERRE RECORDING AND REPRODUCING SOUND Filed NOV. 30, 1949 Patented July 7, 1953 UN STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,644,857 V RECORDING AND REPRODUCING SOUND Emile Alfred Pierre, Paris, Fr iinc'e 'a'ssignor to lElectronique Moderne S. AFRQL, Valenciennes', Y France,.acorporation of the French: Republic Application November 30, 1949, Serial No. 1301110 In France December 7, 1948 7 Claims. (.01. us -100.3 My invention rel-ates to. a method of recordmg and} reproducing the sound. I As it is already known, there are at presenttwo methods of recording the sound-variations which are particularly used for adding the sound effects to a film. One of them uses a graph havinga variable luminous density on the whole width of the film, the other a graph having a variable width made oftwo respectively clear and dull areas, divided by an undulating line which represents the recording of the modulation of the microphone current. These two methods, which require rather eomplicated apparatuses, enableto reproduce the sound modulation by using: variations of iuminous intensity when"- projected' on "the cathode of a photo-electric cell for modulating the anode cur rent. Therecording method according to the invention is based:- on the: fact that the current passing through the anode--01 8i photo-electric cell whose cathode receives a spot of light varies as a function of the point or impact of this spot of light on the cathode. consequently this methoduses the variation 01 the-positionof aspot or light, while the previous methods are based on the variation orthe intensity of light of the flux focused on the cathode. A first object of my invention is to provide a method of recording, by'mean's oi'a cathode-eras oscillo'graph, the electric modulation corresponding to the soundvibration's, under the shape of a graphnavingi a-"sli'ght thickness, uniformly substance is respectively transparent or 1 opaque the-graph "is ti ansn'iitted through 'transparencej or reflection. The simple recording of the variations of position of the cathode beam provides, comparative ly with the previous recording methods, a very important simplification. Other" objects and advantages of the invention will bea'pparentduring the course of thefollowing' description. In. the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this application", and in which like numerals are employed to designatelike parts throughout the same, 1 i " Fig. 1 shows dlagrammatically thefrecording method according'to the invention, Figs. 2 and 3 show the recording under the shape of a graph havinga slight thickness, uniclear or dull, contrasting with the background surface, also uniformly clear or dull. A further objector my" invention isto more surface or dull on aclear back-ground: surface- This carrier substancemay be ior'instan'ce either paper or a transparent film. The recording is similar eitherto' a positive or negative v picture of a conventionalphotographic recording. A further object oi my invention is to provide a methodof r-eproducingthe recording 'thus obformly clear or dull, respectively clear on a dull back-ground and dull on a clear back ground, Fig. 4 is a diagrammatic view showing the use of a recording by means of a transparent film, and projecting a pin-point spot of light on the cathode, Fig. 5 is a partial view showing the use of-the method in'"the caseof a similar recording but projecting a lineal spot of light on the cathode, Fig. 6 is a diagrammatic view of the use of the method'in the case of an opaque recording, by reflection of a scanning beam producing a pin point spot of lighten the cathode, and, Fig. 7 shows the same use of the method in the case of a lineal spot. Fig. 1 shows diagrammatically the recording of sound vibrations by means of a microphone M generating a modulated current, which is amplified at a, and actuates a cathode-ray oscillograph O. The cathode-rays are recorded on a transparent or opaque strip or film B which transparent film B, with the help of a source of tained which consists in focusing on said graph a scanning beam light, producing, on thecatho'd'eof a photo-electric cell, a pin. point or lineal spot of light and, after a suitable amplification, in runs between two parallel reels. The obtained recording is a uniformly thick graph, either clear t on a uniformly dull back-ground surface I) (Fig. '2), or dullti on a clear back-ground hr in Fig. 4 the reproduction is obtained using a light S and an optical device 01, which is a'portionof acylinder, generating a rectilineal image whenthe source is a point. This rectilineal using in a sound reproducing device, such as a loud-speaker, the corresponding electric modulation for reproducing, in a known manner, the initial sonndevib'rations. It is easy to understand mat, the" carrier image (1 is located transversely with respect to the' direction of the running film. Its intersection 'withthe' transparent graph t generates a light spot having a transversely variable position and acting as asource of light. A centred optical systemegives a pin-point image 1 of'thi's light spot on the cathode c1 of a photo-electric cell. This image i, which is the point of impact of the scanning beam of light on the cathode, travels between the points 1 and g, and generates in the anode A1 a current of variable intensity which, after having been amplified at a, reaches a sound reproducing device such as a loud speaker H. The embodiment shown in Fig. 5 relates to the generation on a cathode C2, of a lineal spot k. The latter is obtained in using the light spot, resulting of the intersection of the rectilineal image (1 and graph t, in an optical device 02 analogous to 01. The lineal spot is travels between the positions Z and m, and generates in the anode A2 a current having a variable intensity. Fig. 6 shows diagrammatically the reproduction of a sound recording, using the reflection of a scanning beam of light on a clear graph t recorded on an opaque strip B, generating on the cathode a light spoti. The source of light S generates on the opaque strip B, through an optical device 01 such asabove described, a transverse strip of light d Whose intersection with graph t gives a more luminous spot, acting as a source of light whose position is transversely variable. A centered optical system c gives on the cathode ci a spot of light 1' which travels between thepoints ,f and g. The current of variable intensity generated in the anode A1 reaches the sound reproducing device H after having been amplified at a. In Fig. '7, the light spot produced by the intersection of strip cl and graph t is used in an optical device 02, giving on the cathode C2 a lineal spot 70 which travels between I and 111.. What I claim is: 1. An arrangement for reproducing sound vibraticns, comprising, in combination, a carrier strip of substantially uniform light permeability, said carrier strip having a sound record formed by a sound-recording line of substantially uniform width, said sound-recording line having a light permeability being difierent from the light permeability of said carrier strip; lens means focusing a light beam in a linear pencil across said carrier strip so that said pencil is transformed by said sound-recording line on said carrier strip into a point-shaped light spot the position of which depends on the shape of said sound-recording line, said point-shaped light spot omitting a light beam the position of which varies according to the variation of the position of said light spot; and a photoelectric cell having a cathode arranged in the path of said light beam so that the same forms on said cathode a light spot the position of which on said cathode varies depending upon the position of said light beam, said photoelectric cell being constructed so that its output varies in dependency upon the position on said cathode of said light spot formed thereon. 2. An arrangement for reproducing sound vibrations, comprising, in combination, a carrier strip of substantially uniform light permeability, said carrier strip having a sound record formed by a sound-recording line of substantially uniform width, said sound-recording line having a light permeability being different from the light permeability of said carrier strip; first lens means focusing a light beam in a linear pencil across said carrier strip so that said pencil is transformed by said sound-recording line on said carrier strip into a point-shaped light spot the position of which depends on the shape of said sound-recording line, said point-shaped light spot emitting a light beam the position of which varies according to the variation of the position of said light spot; a photoelectric cell having a cathode arranged in the path of said light beam so that the same forms on said cathode a light spot the position of which on said cathode varies depending upon the position of said light beam, said photoelectric cell being constructed so that its output varies in dependency upon the position on said cathode of said light spot formed thereon; and second lens means arranged in the path of said light beam so as to concentrate the same and reduce the size of the light spot formed on said cathode. 3. An arrangement for producing sound vibrations, comprising, in combination. means emitting a pencil-shaped light beam; means influenced by the sound vibration to be reproduced for oscillating said pencil-shaped light beam in a plane in accordance with the oscillation of said sound vibrationto be reproduced; and a photoelectric cell havin a cathode arranged in the path of said oscillating light beam so that the same forms on said cathode alight spot the position of which on said cathode varies in dependency upon the position of said oscillating light beam, said photoelectric cell being constructed so that its output depends upon the position on said cathode of said light spot formed thereon by said oscillating pencil-shaped light beam. 4. An arrangement for reproducing sound vibrations, comprising, in-combination, an opaque carrier strip of substantially uniform light permeability, said carrier strip having a sound record formed by atransparent sound-recording line of substantially uniform width, said soundrecording line having a light permeability being different from the light permeability of said carrier strip; lens means focusing a light beam in a linear pencil across said carrier strip so that said pencil is transformed by said soundrecording .line on said carrier strip into a pointshaped light spot the position of which depends on the shape of said sound-recording line, said point-shaped light spot emitting a light beam the position of which varies according to the variation of the position of said light spot; and a photoelectric cell having a cathode arranged in the path of said light beam so that the same forms on said cathode a light spot the position of which on said cathode varies depending upon the position of said light beam, said photoelectric cell being constructed-so that its output varies in dependency upon the position on said cathode'of said lightspot formed thereon. 5. An arrangement for reproducing sound vibrations, comprising, in combination, a transparent carrier strip of substantially uniform light permeability, said carrier strip having a sound record formed by an opaque sound-recording line of substantially uniform width, said sound-recording line having a light permeability being different from the light permeability of said'carrier strip; lens means focusing a light beam in a linear pencil across said carrier strip so that said pencil is transformed by said soundrecording line on said carrier strip into a pointshaped light spot the position of which depends on the shape of said sound-recording line, said point-shaped light spot emitting a light beam the position of which varies according to the variation of the position of said light spot; and a photoelectric cell having a cathode arranged in the path of said light beam so that the same forms on said cathode a light spot the position of which on said cathode varies depending upon the position of said light beam, said photoelectric cell being constructed so that its output varies in dependency upon the position on said cathode of said light spot formed thereon. 6. An arrangement for reproducing sound vibrations, comprising, in combination, an opaque carrier strip of substantially uniform light permeability, said carrier strip having a sound record formed by a transparent sound-recording line of substantially uniform width, said sound-recording line having a light permeability being different from the light permeability of said carrier strip; first lens means focusing a light beam in a linear pencil across said carrier strip so that said pencil is transformed by said sound-recording line on said carrier strip into a point-shaped light spot the position of which depends on the shape of said sound-recording line, said pointshaped light spot emitting a light beam the position of which varies according to the variation of the position of said light spot; a photoelectric cell having a cathode arranged in the path of said light beam so that the same forms on said cathode a light spot the position of which on said cathode varies depending upon the position of said light beam, said photoelectric cell being constructed so that its output varies in dependency upon the position on said cathode of said light spot formed thereon; and second lens means arranged in the path of said light beam so as to concentrate the same and reduce the size of the light spot formed on said cathode. 7. An arrangement for reproducing sound vibrations, comprising, in combination, a transparent carrier strip of substantially uniform 6 light permeability, said carrier strip having a sound record formed by an opaque sound-recording line of substantially uniform width, said sound-recording line having a light permeability being different from the light permeability of said carrier strip; first lens means focusing a light beam in a linear pencil across said carrier strip so that said pencil is transformed by said sound-recording line on said carrier strip into a point-shaped light spot the position of which depends on the shape of said sound-recording line, said point-shapedlight spot emitting a light beam the position of which varies according to the variation of the position of said light spot; a photoelectric cell having a cathode arranged in the path of said light beam so that the same forms on said cathode a light spot the position of which on said cathode varies depending upon the position of said light beam, said photoelectric cell being constructed so that its output varies in dependency upon the position on said cathode of said light spot formed thereon; and second lens means arranged in the path of said light beam so as to concentrate the same and reduce the size of the light spot formed on said cathode. EMILE ALFRED PIERRE. References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

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    DE-1045116-BNovember 27, 1958Grammophon Ges Mit BeschraenktEinrichtung zur Tonaufzeichnung unter Verwendung einer strahlungs-empfindlichen Schicht auf dem Aufzeichnungstraeger
    DE-1212507-BMarch 17, 1966Bayer AgVerfahren zur Herstellung von Alkylenoxyden und Aldehyden durch Oxydation von Kohlen-wasserstoffen
    US-3770909-ANovember 06, 1973C Rose, G ArtianoApparatus for playback of sound from microfiche
    US-3872264-AMarch 18, 1975Apm CorpAudio response device with orthogonal scan of multiple tracks on playback